Embassy of the Republic of Moldova to the Republic of Estonia
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Relations RM - EU

The relations between the Republic of Moldova and European Union were formally launched on 28 November 1994 when the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA) was signed and which entered into force on 1st July 1998 for an initial period of 10 years with the possibility of prolongation. The document establishes the legal framework of the current EU-Moldova political, economical, legal, cultural and scientific relations. The key goal of the Agreement is to support Moldova on the way to: strengthening democracy and rule of law, ensuring the respect of human rights as well as the minorities rights by developing the relevant framework for a political dialogue; sustainable economy and finalization of the transition process towards a market economy, providing a good investment climate and harmonized economic relations.

According to the PCA provisions the institutional dialogue between the Republic of Moldova and EU is done within the following cooperation structures:

Political level:

Working level:

At the same time, the political dialogue between Moldova and EU is ensured through political meetings in the format of Troika EU – Moldova, where are discussed Foreign and Security Policy subjects of common interest. There are held also mutual visits, meetings and consultations on all levels.

The Government of the Republic of Moldova regards European integration as a fundamental priority of the domestic and foreign policies of the Republic of Moldova. The full achievement of this objective will enable the country to embark on a stability and prosperity course, governed by democratic values and respect for fundamental human rights.

The coherent implementation of policies designed to Europeanize the country socially, politically and economically and an association agreement with the European Union will enable the Government to make the Republic of Moldova, in a reasonable time, eligible for EU accession.

In May 2004 Moldova was included in the European Neighborhood Policy (ENP) of the EU, which was developed by the Communication of the European Commission on Strengthening the European Neighborhood Policy published in December 2006 and strengthened by the Communication of the European Commission on Strong European Neighborhood Policy from December 2007.

In the context of the ENP, European Commission and the Government of the Republic of Moldova initiated negotiations on the implementation instrument of the ENP objectives. The EU – Moldova Action Plan was signed on 22 February 2005, in the frame of the Moldova – EU Cooperation Council for a period of 3 years. On April 3, 2008 the European Commission published the Progress Report on the implementation of the Moldova-EU Action Plan, Sectorial Report and the Communication on the evaluation of the ENP for the year 2007.

European integration remains the irreversible objective of the internal and external agenda of the Republic of Moldova. At the same time, the short term priority of the political dialogue with the EU member states, European Commission and Council of the EU is to upgrade to a new level our contractual and political relations, namely to start negotiations and sign the new Agreement, going beyond PCA. The new agreement in our view should include new mechanisms to ensure a gradual access of Moldova to the four freedoms of the EU: freedom of movement of people, goods, services and capital.

On 27 May, 2008 in the margins of the Cooperation Council EU-Moldova, EU decided to start the internal reflections on the new agreement with the Republic of Moldova, going beyond PCA

Building on the new Moldovan Government’s principles of activity as well as taking into account the accomplishment of the conditions pointed out in the GAERC Conclusions on Moldova from 15 of June 2009, C. Bildt who headed in its capacity of President of the EU Council a EU Troika visit to Moldova announced on the 16 of October in Chisinau that EU is ready to start negotiations on a new future Agreement with the Republic of Moldova. In accordance with the agreed calendar the first negotiation round will take place on the 12 January 2010.

On 15 June 2010 in Luxembourg took place the twelfth meeting of the EU-Moldova Cooperation Council. The Moldovan delegation was headed by Mr. Filat, Prime Minister of Moldova and the European Union was represented by Mr. Diego Lopez Garrido, Secretary of State for European Affairs in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of Spain.

During the meeting were discussed the latest developments in the EU-Moldova relations, and the main results of the implementation of reforms in Moldova, as agreed in the EU-Moldova Cooperation Council of 21 December 2009. Among those achievements were mentioned:

The priorities of the European integration policy of the Republic of Moldova aim to: